Send to

Choose Destination
Blood. 2012 Jul 12;120(2):285-90. doi: 10.1182/blood-2012-04-418640. Epub 2012 May 31.

Bortezomib with chemotherapy is highly active in advanced B-precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia: Therapeutic Advances in Childhood Leukemia & Lymphoma (TACL) Study.

Author information

Pediatric Hematologyand Oncology, Children’s Hospitals and Clinics of Minnesota, 2525 Chicago Ave S., Minneapolis, MN 55404, USA.


Therapy of relapsed pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is hampered by low remission rates and high toxicity, especially in second and subsequent relapses. Our phase 1 study, T2005-003, showed that the combination of bortezomib with vincristine, dexamethasone, pegylated asparaginase, and doxorubicin had acceptable toxicity. We report the phase 2 expansion of this combination in patients with relapsed ALL who failed 2-3 previous regimens. Twenty-two patients with relapsed ALL were treated with bortezomib combined with this regimen; their ages ranged from 1 to 22 years, and they had either B-precursor ALL (n = 20) or T-cell ALL (n = 2). Grade 3 peripheral neuropathy developed in 2 (9%) patients. After 3 patients died from bacterial infections, treatment with vancomycin, levofloxacin, and voriconazole prophylaxis resulted in no further infectious mortality in the last 6 patients. Fourteen patients achieved complete remission (CR), and 2 achieved CR without platelet recovery, for an overall 73% response rate, meeting predefined criteria allowing for early closure. B-precursor patients faired best, with 16 of 20 (80%) CR + CR without platelet recovery, whereas the 2 patients with T-cell ALL did not respond. Thus, this combination of bortezomib with chemotherapy is active in B-precursor ALL, and prophylactic antibiotics may be useful in reducing mortality. Bortezomib merits further evaluation in combination therapy in pediatric B-precursor ALL. This study is registered at as NCT00440726.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for HighWire
Loading ...
Support Center