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Psychopathology. 2012;45(4):244-51. doi: 10.1159/000330583. Epub 2012 May 30.

Heidelberg Coping Scales for Delusions: psychometric evaluation of an expert rating instrument.

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1
Department of Psychiatry, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany. sarah.rueckl@med.uni-heidelberg.de

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Coping is of substantial relevance in the treatment and course of psychiatric disorders. Standardized instruments to assess coping with psychotic symptoms, particularly delusions, are rare. The aim of this study was to develop and evaluate the psychometric properties of a new instrument to assess coping strategies in the context of delusional experiences: the Heidelberg Coping Scales for Delusions (HCSD).

METHODS:

Two hundred and twelve inpatients with schizophrenia spectrum disorders and affective disorders currently experiencing delusions were interviewed with the HCSD and other coping assessment instruments. Psychometric properties and factor structure were analyzed.

RESULTS:

The HCSD showed good inter-rater reliability and convergent validity. Factor analysis yielded an interpretable structure with five factors: resource-oriented coping, medical care, distraction, cognitive coping, and depressive coping. Symptomatic behavior, due to its particular characteristics, was considered apart.

CONCLUSION:

The HCSD is a reliable and valid instrument for the assessment of coping strategies in patients with delusions. Further research is needed to evaluate coping changes over time and their influence on treatment and clinical outcomes.

PMID:
22653293
DOI:
10.1159/000330583
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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