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J Phys Chem B. 2012 Jun 21;116(24):7357-66. doi: 10.1021/jp301117m. Epub 2012 Jun 12.

Molecular dynamics simulation of phosphoric acid doped monomer of polybenzimidazole: a potential component polymer electrolyte membrane of fuel cell.

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  • 1Physical Chemistry Division, National Chemical Laboratory, Pune 411008, India.


Phosphoric acid doped polybenzimidazole is promising electrolyte membranes for high temperature (100 °C and above) fuel cells. Proton conduction is governed by the amount of phosphoric acid content in the polymer membrane. In this present work, we perform molecular dynamics simulations on phosphoric acid doped 2-phenyl-1H,1'H-5,5'-bibenzo[d]imidazole (monomer unit of polybenzimidazole) to characterize the structural and dynamical properties at varying phosphoric acid content and temperature. From the structural analysis, we have predicted the arrangement of the phosphoric acids, formation of H-bonds in the system, and the contribution of different atoms toward H-bonding. We have also examined the stacking of 2-phenyl-1H,1'H-5,5'-bibenzo[d]imidazole molecules and how their arrangement changes with the increasing amount of PA in the system with the help of cluster analysis. From the molecular dynamics simulation conducted at different temperatures and phosphoric acid doping level, we have predicted the diffusion of phosphoric acid and monomer. As a dynamic quantity, we have also calculated ring flipping of the imidazole ring of the monomer.

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