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Br J Haematol. 1990 Dec;76(4):501-5.

Double-blind test of human urinary macrophage colony-stimulating factor for allogeneic and syngeneic bone marrow transplantation: effectiveness of treatment and 2-year follow-up for relapse of leukaemia.

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1
5th Department of Internal Medicine, Center for Adult Diseases, Osaka, Japan.

Abstract

A randomized, double-blind placebo-controlled phase III clinical trial was performed to study the effects of human urinary macrophage colony-stimulating factor (hM-CSF) after allogeneic and syngeneic bone marrow transplantation (BMT) in 60 hM-CSF treated and 59 placebo control patients. HM-CSF was administered at a daily dose of 2 x 10(5) units/kg from day 1 to day 14 after BMT. Significant differences between hM-CSF and control patient were found in the recovery time to greater than 0.5 x 10(9) granulocytes/l and the survival rate during the initial 120 d without retransplantation. There was no difference in the incidence or grade of graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). There was no difference in the rate of leukaemic relapse at 24-36 months after BMT in patients with acute lymphocytic, acute nonlymphocytic, or monocytic leukaemia. The results of this trial show that human M-CSF improves the outcome of BMT without any influence on the occurrence of leukaemic relapse or GVHD.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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