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J Gen Virol. 2012 Sep;93(Pt 9):1935-40. doi: 10.1099/vir.0.043893-0. Epub 2012 May 30.

A single mutation in capsid protein VP1 (Q145E) of a genogroup C4 strain of human enterovirus 71 generates a mouse-virulent phenotype.

Author information

1
Infectious Diseases and Immunology, Sydney Medical School, The University of Sydney, Blackburn Building D06, Sydney NSW 2006, Australia. zainun.zaini@sydney.edu.au

Abstract

We modified the capsid protein of a human enterovirus 71 (HEV71) belonging to subgenogroup C4 (HEV71-C4) to generate a mouse virulent strain, based on the genetic information derived from our previous subgenogroup B3 mouse-adapted virus. Infectious clone-derived mutant virus populations containing the capsid protein mutations VP1-Q145E and VP1-Q145G were generated by site-directed mutagenesis of an infectious clone of a subgenogroup C4 strain. Viruses expressing the VP1-Q145E were virulent in 5-day-old BALB/c mice with 100 % mortality rate observed. Skeletal muscle appears to be the primary site of replication of this virus with limb muscle showing severe myositis. Virus was also isolated from spleen, liver, heart and brain of infected mice. This study demonstrates that introducing a key mutation into the HEV71 VP1 capsid protein is able to generate a mouse virulent HEV71 strain from a different genogroup as well as providing an alternative strategy for the generation of mouse virulent HEV71.

PMID:
22647370
DOI:
10.1099/vir.0.043893-0
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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