Format

Send to

Choose Destination
J Health Care Poor Underserved. 2012 May;23(2):811-33. doi: 10.1353/hpu.2012.0047.

Hepatitis C among clients of health care for the homeless primary care clinics.

Author information

1
UCLA School of Nursing, USA. astrehlo@ucla.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To describe the prevalence, distribution and risk factors for hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection among homeless adults using eight Health Care for the Homeless (HCH) clinics nationally.

METHODS:

Data were collected for 387 participants through blood draws, structured interviews, chart reviews.

RESULTS:

Overall prevalence of HCV-antibody positivity was 31.0%, including 70.0% among injection drug users and 15.5% among reported non-injectors. Much HCV infection was hidden as the majority (53.3%) of HCV-antibody positive participants was unaware of their status. Independent risk factors for HCV among the total sample included injection drug use, prison, and tattoos; among injectors, risk factors included prison and three or more years of injection drug use; among reported non-injectors, risk factors included tattoos and prison.

CONCLUSION:

These HCH clinics serve high concentrations of HCV-infected injectors, making these and similar clinics priority intervention sites for aggressive screening, education, testing, and treatment for HCV and other blood-borne diseases.

PMID:
22643626
PMCID:
PMC3786672
DOI:
10.1353/hpu.2012.0047
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Project MUSE Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center