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JSLS. 2011 Oct-Dec;15(4):475-9. doi: 10.4293/108680811X13176785203950.

Laparoscopic loop ileostomy reversal: reducing morbidity while improving functional outcomes.

Author information

1
Texas Endosurgery Institute, San Antonio, TX, USA. fellow@texasendosurgery.com

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Loop ileostomy reduces the morbidity associated with pelvic sepsis. However, its reversal carries a 10% to 30% complication rate. We present our technique for laparoscopic ileostomy closure.

METHODS:

We conducted a retrospective chart review of subjects undergoing laparoscopic-assisted loop ileostomy closure between 2006 and 2009. Operating time, length of hospital stay, return of bowel function, and complication rates were assessed.

RESULTS:

There were 24 (13 males) patients. Average age was 63 with a BMI of 25.9. Eighteen (75%) had a planned loop ileostomy, and 6 (25%) were emergent. Average time to reversal was 135 days. Average length of surgery was 79 minutes (range, 48 to 186), average stay was 4 days and return to bowel function was 3.6 days. We had no wound infections. Our complication rate was 29% (n=7), and reoperation rate was 12.5% (n=3). Only 1 major complication occurred, an anastomotic dehiscence.

CONCLUSION:

A thorough, well-visualized lysis of adhesions and mobilization of the stoma and surrounding small bowel is the main advantage of our approach. We had no wound infections and no reoperation for bowel obstruction, which we feel is a direct advantage of our technique. Our complication rate and surgical time are comparable to those of the open technique.

PMID:
22643501
PMCID:
PMC3340955
DOI:
10.4293/108680811X13176785203950
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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