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Acta Physiol (Oxf). 2012 Oct;206(2):109-19. doi: 10.1111/j.1748-1716.2012.02454.x. Epub 2012 Jun 23.

Strength training reduces intracortical inhibition.

Author information

1
Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition Research, Deakin University, Melbourne, Vic., Australia.

Abstract

AIM:

Paired-pulse transcranial magnetic stimulation was used to investigate the influence of 4 weeks of heavy load squat strength training on corticospinal excitability and short-interval intracortical inhibition (rectus femoris muscle).

METHODS:

Participants (n = 12) were randomly allocated to a strength training or control group. The strength training group completed 4 weeks of heavy load squat strength training. Recruitment curves were constructed to determine values for the slope of the curve, V50 and peak height. Short-interval intracortical inhibition was assessed using a subthreshold (0.7 × active motor threshold) conditioning stimulus, followed 3 ms later by a supra-threshold (1.2 × active motor threshold) test stimulus. All motor evoked responses were taken during 10% of maximal voluntary isometric contraction (MVC) torque and normalized to the maximal M-wave.

RESULTS:

The strength training group attained 87% increases in 1RM squat strength (P < 0.01), significant increases in measures of corticospinal excitability (1.2 × Motor threshold: 116%, P = 0.016; peak height of recruitment curve = 105%, P < 0.001), and a 32% reduction in short-interval intracortical inhibition (P < 0.01) following the 4-week intervention compared with control. There were no changes in any dependent variable (P > 0.05) detected in the control group.

CONCLUSION:

Repeated high force voluntary muscle activation in the form of short-term strength training reduces short-interval intracortical inhibition. This is consistent with studies involving skilled/complex tasks or novel movement patterns and acute studies investigating acute voluntary contractions.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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