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Nano Lett. 2012 Jun 13;12(6):3187-92. doi: 10.1021/nl301164v. Epub 2012 Jun 4.

Laser-thinning of MoS₂: on demand generation of a single-layer semiconductor.

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1
Kavli Institute of Nanoscience, Delft University of Technology, Lorentzweg 1, 2628 CJ Delft, The Netherlands. a.castellanosgomez@tudelft.nl

Abstract

Single-layer MoS(2) is an attractive semiconducting analogue of graphene that combines high mechanical flexibility with a large direct bandgap of 1.8 eV. On the other hand, bulk MoS(2) is an indirect bandgap semiconductor similar to silicon, with a gap of 1.2 eV, and therefore deterministic preparation of single MoS(2) layers is a crucial step toward exploiting the large direct bandgap of monolayer MoS(2) in electronic, optoelectronic, and photovoltaic applications. Although mechanical and chemical exfoliation methods can be used to obtain high quality MoS(2) single layers, the lack of control in the thickness, shape, size, and position of the flakes limits their usefulness. Here we present a technique for controllably thinning multilayered MoS(2) down to a single-layer two-dimensional crystal using a laser. We generate single layers in arbitrary shapes and patterns with feature sizes down to 200 nm and show that the resulting two-dimensional crystals have optical and electronic properties comparable to that of pristine exfoliated MoS(2) single layers.

PMID:
22642212
DOI:
10.1021/nl301164v
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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