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Respir Physiol Neurobiol. 2012 Dec 1;184(3):269-81. doi: 10.1016/j.resp.2012.05.020. Epub 2012 May 26.

Tight junctions, tight junction proteins and paracellular permeability across the gill epithelium of fishes: a review.

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1
Department of Biology, York University, Toronto, ON, Canada M3J 1P3.

Abstract

Paracellular permeability characteristics of the fish gill epithelium are broadly accepted to play a key role in piscine salt and water balance. This is typically associated with differences between gill epithelia of teleost fishes residing in seawater versus those in freshwater. In the former, the gill is 'leaky' to facilitate Na(+) secretion and in the latter, the gill is 'tight' to limit passive ion loss. However, studies in freshwater fishes also suggest that varying epithelial 'tightness' can impact ionoregulatory homeostasis. Paracellular permeability of vertebrate epithelia is largely controlled by the tight junction (TJ) complex, and the fish gill is no exception. In turn, the TJ complex is composed of TJ proteins, the abundance and properties of which determine the magnitude of paracellular solute movement. This review provides consolidated information on TJs in fish gills and summarizes recent progress in research that seeks to understand the molecular composition of fish gill TJ complexes and what environmental and systemic factors influence those components.

PMID:
22640933
DOI:
10.1016/j.resp.2012.05.020
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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