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Haemophilia. 2012 Sep;18(5):729-37. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2516.2012.02847.x. Epub 2012 May 29.

Haemophilia care in Europe: the ESCHQoL study.

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Department of Transfusion Medicine and Haemostasis, University Hospital of Munich, Munich, Germany.


The aim of this study was to determine the clinical conditions of patients with haemophilia within Europe as recommended by the European Commission. In this multicentre, cross-sectional, ambispective study, conducted within 21 European countries patients' clinical data were collected, amongst others haemophilia type, severity, treatment pattern, use of factor products, bleeding, orthopaedic joint scores and infections. A total of 1400 patients, 84.3% with haemophilia A and 15.7% with haemophilia B were enrolled by 42 centres between 2004 and 2006. Thereof, 417 were children (30.0%) and 983 were adults (70.0%). About 70% of patients had severe factor deficiency (<1%). More than half of the adults were carriers of chronic infections (12.6% HIV, 55.8% HCV), compared to only 3.8% children (no HIV, 2.9% HCV). Patients were grouped according to per capita amount of clotting factor used in patients' region of residence in 2005: region 1: >5 IU; region 2: 2-5 IU; region 3: <2 IU. Paediatric and adult patients in region 3 had median numbers of three and eight joint bleeds, respectively, with worse joint scores compared to region 1 with zero and one bleed. Prophylactic therapy was used in only 31.3% children and 8.9% adults with severe haemophilia in region 3 compared to 93.7% and 54.1%, respectively, in region 1. Statistical analysis revealed that residence in areas with low factor consumption/availability is the most prominent risk factor for joint disease. Access of European patients with haemophilia to optimal care with safe factor VIII concentrates is limited and depends on the region of residence.

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