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Contraception. 2012 Nov;86(5):557-61. doi: 10.1016/j.contraception.2012.04.006. Epub 2012 May 26.

Long-acting reversible contraception method use among Title X providers and non-Title X providers in California.

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Bixby Center for Global Reproductive Health, University of California, San Francisco, P.O. Box 997420, MS8400, Sacramento, CA 95899-7420, USA.



Publicly funded family planning services play an important role in reducing unintended pregnancy by providing access to effective contraception. We assessed whether California family planning providers receiving federal Title X funds are more likely to offer on-site long-acting reversible contraception (LARC) methods than those who do not receive these funds.


Using 2009 administrative data, we examined on-site utilization of LARC by clinic type (Title X public, non-Title X public, or private) and constructed beta-binomial logistic regression models.


The odds of on-site LARC services in non-Title X public and private providers were decreased by 35% [Odds Ratio (OR)=0.65, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.54-0.79] and 61% [OR=0.39, 95% CI 0.32-0.47], respectively, compared to those of Title X providers after controlling for clinic size, urban/rural location, and proportion of teen, African-American, and Latina clients.


On-site utilization of LARC is a potential quality indicator for family planning programs. Title X resources are associated with increased use of LARC.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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