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Dev Cell. 2012 Jun 12;22(6):1138-48. doi: 10.1016/j.devcel.2012.04.012. Epub 2012 May 24.

Long-range Ca2+ waves transmit brain-damage signals to microglia.

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1
EMBL Heidelberg, Meyerhofstraße 1, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany.

Abstract

Microglia are the resident phagocytes of the brain that are responsible for the clearance of injured neurons, an essential step in subsequent tissue regeneration. How death signals are controlled both in space and time to attract these cells toward the site of injury is a topic of great interest. To this aim, we have used the optically transparent zebrafish larval brain and identified rapidly propagating Ca2+ waves that determine the range of microglial responses to neuronal cell death. We show that while Ca2+-mediated microglial responses require ATP, the spreading of intercellular Ca2+ waves is ATP independent. Finally, we identify glutamate as a potent inducer of Ca2+-transmitted microglial attraction. Thus, this real-time analysis reveals the existence of a mechanism controlling microglial targeted migration to neuronal injuries that is initiated by glutamate and proceeds across the brain in the form of a Ca2+ wave.

PMID:
22632801
DOI:
10.1016/j.devcel.2012.04.012
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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