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Indian J Endocrinol Metab. 2012 May;16(3):423-8. doi: 10.4103/2230-8210.95692.

Comprehensive yogic breathing program improves quality of life in patients with diabetes.

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1
Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To assess the effect of a comprehensive yogic breathing program on glycemic control and quality of life (QOL) in patients with diabetes.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

This is a prospective randomized controlled intervention trial. Patients having HbA1c between 6 and 9% for at least 3 months with lifestyle modification and oral antidiabetic medication were included. They were followed-up and randomized at 6 months into two groups: one group receiving standard treatment of diabetes and the other group receiving standard treatment of diabetes and taught and told to regularly practice the comprehensive yogic breathing program (Sudarshan Kriya Yoga and Pranayam). Change in fasting and post-prandial blood sugars, glycated hemoglobin and QOL as assessed by the World Health Organization QOL WHOQOL BREF questionnaire were assessed.

RESULTS:

There was a trend toward improvement in glycemic control in the group practicing the comprehensive yogic breathing program compared with the group following standard treatment alone, although this was not significant. There was significant improvement in physical, psychological and social domains and total QOL post-intervention in the group practicing the comprehensive yogic breathing program as compared with the group following standard treatment alone.

CONCLUSION:

There was significant improvement in the QOL and a non-significant trend toward improvement in glycemic control in the group practicing the comprehensive yogic breathing program compared with the group that was following standard treatment alone.

KEYWORDS:

Comprehensive yogic breathing program; diabetes mellitus; quality of life

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