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Front Plant Sci. 2011 Oct 12;2:54. doi: 10.3389/fpls.2011.00054. eCollection 2011.

Ultra performance liquid chromatography and high resolution mass spectrometry for the analysis of plant lipids.

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Max Planck Institute of Molecular Plant Physiology Potsdam, Germany.


Holistic analysis of lipids is becoming increasingly popular in the life sciences. Recently, several interesting, mass spectrometry-based studies have been conducted, especially in plant biology. However, while great advancements have been made we are still far from detecting all the lipids species in an organism. In this study we developed an ultra performance liquid chromatography-based method using a high resolution, accurate mass, mass spectrometer for the comprehensive profiling of more than 260 polar and non-polar Arabidopsis thaliana leaf lipids. The method is fully compatible to the commonly used lipid extraction protocols and provides a viable alternative to the commonly used direct infusion-based shotgun lipidomics approaches. The whole process is described in detail and compared to alternative lipidomic approaches. Next to the developed method we also introduce an in-house developed database search software (GoBioSpace), which allows one to perform targeted or un-targeted lipidomic and metabolomic analysis on mass spectrometric data of every kind.


Arabidopsis thaliana; accurate mass; all-ion fragmentation; database; high resolution mass spectrometry; lipidomics; metabolomics; ultra performance liquid chromatography

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