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Genome Biol Evol. 2012;4(7):675-82. doi: 10.1093/gbe/evs052. Epub 2012 May 23.

Evidence for widespread GC-biased gene conversion in eukaryotes.

Author information

1
Université Lyon 1, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, UMR5558, Laboratoire de Biométrie et Biologie évolutive, Villeurbanne, Cedex, France.

Abstract

GC-biased gene conversion (gBGC) is a process that tends to increase the GC content of recombining DNA over evolutionary time and is thought to explain the evolution of GC content in mammals and yeasts. Evidence for gBGC outside these two groups is growing but is still limited. Here, we analyzed 36 completely sequenced genomes representing four of the five major groups in eukaryotes (Unikonts, Excavates, Chromalveolates and Plantae). gBGC was investigated by directly comparing GC content and recombination rates in species where recombination data are available, that is, half of them. To study all species of our dataset, we used chromosome size as a proxy for recombination rate and compared it with GC content. Among the 17 species showing a significant relationship between GC content and chromosome size, 15 are consistent with the predictions of the gBGC model. Importantly, the species showing a pattern consistent with gBGC are found in all the four major groups of eukaryotes studied, which suggests that gBGC may be widespread in eukaryotes.

PMID:
22628461
PMCID:
PMC5635611
DOI:
10.1093/gbe/evs052
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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