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Thromb Haemost. 2012 Jul;108(1):107-18. doi: 10.1160/TH11-12-0860. Epub 2012 May 25.

Reactive leptin resistance and the profile of platelet activation in acute ischaemic stroke patients.

Author information

1
Department of Neurology, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, ul. Przybyszewskiego 49, 60-355 Poznan, Poland. mlukasik@ump.edu.pl

Abstract

Leptin is an adipokine that in vitro enhances agonist-induced platelet aggregation and adipokine expression. Hyperleptinaemia represents a risk factor for cardiovascular disease. We conducted a prospective evaluation of the potential link between blood platelet activation and plasma leptin levels in post-stroke patients. Using five-colour flow cytometry, the platelet surface expression of CD40L, CD62P, the subpopulations of monocyte-platelet aggregates and platelet-derived microparticles (PMPs) as well as the plasma leptin, soluble leptin receptor (sOb-R), leptin/sOb-R ratio, the plasma adiponectin, and leptin/adiponectin ratio were assessed in 98 stroke patients on the first (V₀), 10th (V₁ ) and 90th (V₂) day after stroke and once in 78 age-, gender- and vascular risk factor-matched disease controls. We demonstrated that at V0 leptin resistance, defined as leptin/sOb-R ratio, was higher than in the controls [1.1 (0.5-1.8 vs. 0.5 (0.2-1.1); p=0.02]. After adjustment according to the factors which influence platelet activation, we confirmed the relationship between percentage of circulating PMPs and plasma leptin level (B=0.18; p=0.02) or the leptin/sOb-R ratio (B=0.23; p=0.02) in normal-weight subjects in the acute phase of stroke. No correlation could be demonstrated between the adipokine parameters and the percentage of monocyte-platelet aggregates or expression of platelet pro-inflammatory glycoproteins. In conclusion, formation of PMPs on the first day following an ischaemic stroke shows a positive correlation with leptin levels and with resistance to leptin. Leptin level does not seem to affect the expression of platelet surface proinflammatory glycoproteins.

PMID:
22627503
DOI:
10.1160/TH11-12-0860
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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