Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Cancer Sci. 2012 Sep;103(9):1737-43. doi: 10.1111/j.1349-7006.2012.02338.x. Epub 2012 Jul 6.

miR-34a is downregulated in cis-diamminedichloroplatinum treated sinonasal squamous cell carcinoma patients with poor prognosis.

Author information

Department of Molecular Pathology, Tohoku University School of Medicine, Miyagi, Japan.


For the purpose of analyzing mechanisms related to the cis-diamminedichloroplatinum resistance in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma, we analyzed RPMI2650 and its derived previously established cis-diamminedichloroplatinum resistant cell line RPMI2650CR. To identify resistant phenotype-related microRNAs, we compared microRNA expressions between RPMI2650CR and RPMI2650 by microarray. One of the microRNAs as downregulated, miR-34a, was further investigated. Decreased expression of miR-34a in RPMI2650CR was confirmed by quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction, but introduction of the miR-34a precursor into RPMI2650CR or the inhibitor of miR-34a into RPMI2650 did not change cis-diamminedichloroplatinum sensitivities. However, 24 patients with sinonasal squamous cell carcinomas treated with intra-arterial infusion of cis-diamminedichloroplatinum showed a significant association between decreased expression of miR-34a and poor disease specific survival (P = 0.0015), poor disease free survival (P = 0.0019), and poor local control rates (P = 0.017) (median follow-up period: 53 months). Furthermore, multivariate analyses demonstrated significant associations between miR-34a expression and the hazard ratios of disease free survival at 0.005 (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.00-0.29, P = 0.011) and local control rate at 0.008 (95% CI 0.00-0.44, P = 0.019), although other parameters such as age, gender, treatment method, T and N stages did not show any similar association. These results strongly suggest that miR-34a expression can be an independent prognostic biomarker in patients with sinonasal squamous cell carcinoma who are undergoing treatment with cis-diamminedichloroplatinum.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Wiley
    Loading ...
    Support Center