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J Pediatr Psychol. 2012 Jul;37(6):680-6. doi: 10.1093/jpepsy/jss041. Epub 2012 May 22.

The influence of parent preprocedural anxiety on child procedural pain: mediation by child procedural anxiety.

Author information

1
Department of Psychology, Georgia State University, Atlanta, GA 30302-5010, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Data suggest parents' preprocedural anxiety is related to children's acute procedural anxiety and pain. This study examined the temporal relations among these constructs to determine whether children's anxiety mediates the relation between parents' anticipatory anxiety and children's procedural pain.

METHODS:

A total of 90 preschoolers receiving immunizations, their parents, and the nurses rated children's procedural anxiety and pain. Parents provided ratings of their own preprocedural anxiety.

RESULTS:

Bootstrapping analyses revealed that children's procedural anxiety mediated the relation between parents' preprocedural anxiety and children's procedural pain according to parents' report and nurses' report but not children's self-report of anxiety and pain.

CONCLUSIONS:

Analyses suggest that children's procedural anxiety mediates the relation between parents' anticipatory anxiety and children's procedural pain. Thus, targeting parents' preprocedural anxiety might be beneficial to the parents as well as the children undergoing a distressing medical procedure.

PMID:
22623729
PMCID:
PMC3381711
DOI:
10.1093/jpepsy/jss041
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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