Format

Send to

Choose Destination
J Natl Cancer Inst Monogr. 2012 May;2012(44):11-9. doi: 10.1093/jncimonographs/lgs005.

Multilevel factors affecting quality: examples from the cancer care continuum.

Author information

1
Department of Medicine, Division of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Medical University of South Carolina, Rm 302H, 135 Cannon St, Charleston, SC 29425, USA. zapka@musc.edu

Abstract

The complex environmental context must be considered as we move forward to improve cancer care and, ultimately, patient and population outcomes. The cancer care continuum represents several care types, each of which includes multiple technical and communication steps and interfaces among patients, providers, and organizations. We use two case scenarios to 1) illustrate the variability, diversity, and interaction of factors from multiple levels that affect care quality and 2) discuss research implications and provide hypothetical examples of multilevel interventions. Each scenario includes a targeted literature review to illustrate contextual influences upon care and sets the stage for theory-informed interventions. The screening case highlights access issues in older women, and the survivorship case illustrates the multiple transition challenges faced by patients, families, and organizations. Example interventions show the potential gains of implementing intervention strategies that work synergistically at multiple levels. While research examining multilevel intervention is a priority, it presents numerous study design, measurement, and analytic challenges.

PMID:
22623591
PMCID:
PMC3482973
DOI:
10.1093/jncimonographs/lgs005
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Silverchair Information Systems Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center