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Cancer Causes Control. 2012 Jul;23(7):1149-62. doi: 10.1007/s10552-012-9984-z. Epub 2012 May 24.

Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D and risk of breast cancer: results of a large population-based case-control study in Mexican women.

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International Agency for Research on Cancer, Lyon, France.



Epidemiologic studies have suggested that higher levels of circulating vitamin D may reduce breast cancer risk, but no studies have investigated this association among women in developing countries, and very few studies have further investigated this association according to menopausal status.


A population-based case-control study in Mexico with 1,000 incident breast cancer cases aged 35-69 years, enrolled shortly after diagnosis (0-6 days) and frequency-matched to 1,074 controls on age, region, and health care system, was used to assess the association between serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] levels with overall, pre- and postmenopausal breast cancer risk. 25(OH)D concentration was measured on a random sub-sample of women (573 cases and 639 matched controls) using a liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry method. Odds ratios (ORs) and 95 % confidence intervals (CIs) were estimated from multivariable conditional logistic regression models.


Serum 25(OH)D concentration (per 10 ng/mL increase) showed a strong inverse association with risk of breast cancer among all (p(trend) = 0.001), pre- (p(trend) = 0.006) and postmenopausal women (p(trend) = 0.0001). Compared with a predefined lower concentration of 25(OH)D (<20 ng/mL), higher levels (>30 ng/mL) were associated with lower overall (OR = 0.53, 95 % CI: 0.28-1.00; p(trend) = 0.002), pre- (OR = 0.60, 95 % CI: 0.16-2.17; p(trend) = 0.07) and postmenopausal (OR = 0.37, 95 % CI: 0.16-0.82; p(trend) = 0.004) breast cancer risk.


The results of this large population-based case-control study indicate an inverse association between circulating vitamin D levels and breast cancer risk among pre- and postmenopausal Mexican women.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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