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Res Nurs Health. 2012 Oct;35(5):475-89. doi: 10.1002/nur.21489. Epub 2012 May 24.

The Chicago Parent Program: comparing 1-year outcomes for African American and Latino parents of young children.

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Rush University, College of Nursing, Armour Academic Center, Chicago, IL 60612, USA.


Data were merged from two prevention randomized trials testing 1-year outcomes of a parenting skills program, the Chicago Parent Program (CPP) and comparing its effects for African-American (n = 291) versus Latino (n = 213) parents and their preschool children. Compared to controls, intervention parents had improved self-efficacy, used less corporal punishment and more consistent discipline, and demonstrated more positive parenting. Intervention children had greater reductions in behavior problems based on parent-report, teacher-report, and observation. Although improvements from the CPP were evident for parents in both racial/ethnic groups, Latino parents reported greater improvements in their children's behavior and in parenting self-efficacy but exhibited greater decreases in praise. Findings support the efficacy of the CPP for African American and Latino parents and young children from low-income urban communities.

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