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Int J Nanomedicine. 2012;7:1793-804. doi: 10.2147/IJN.S29483. Epub 2012 Apr 3.

Oridonin nanosuspension was more effective than free oridonin on G2/M cell cycle arrest and apoptosis in the human pancreatic cancer PANC-1 cell line.

Author information

1
Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Shandong University School of Medicine, Jinan, People’s Republic of China.

Abstract

Oridonin, a diterpenoid isolated from Rabdosia rubescencs, has been reported to have antitumor effects. However, low solubility has limited its clinical applications. Preparation of drugs in the form of nanosuspensions is an extensively utilized protocol. In this study, we investigated the anticancer activity of oridonin and oridonin nanosuspension on human pancreatic carcinoma PANC-1 cells. 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide assay was performed to investigate the effect of oridonin on cell growth. Propidium iodide and Hoechst 33342 staining were used to detect morphologic changes. The percentage of apoptosis and cell cycle progression was determined by flow cytometric method staining with propidium iodide. Annexin V-fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC)/PI staining was used to evaluate cell apoptosis by flow cytometry. Caspase-3 activity was measured by spectrophotometry. The apoptotic and cell cycle protein expression were determined by Western blot analysis. Both oridonin and oridonin nanosuspension induced apoptosis and G(2)/M phase cell cycle arrest, and the latter had a more significant cytotoxic effect. The ratio of Bcl-2/Bax protein expression was decreased and caspase- 3 activity was stimulated. The expression of cyclin B1 and p-cdc2 (T161) was suppressed. Our results showed that oridonin nanosuspension was more effective than free oridonin on G(2)/M cell cycle arrest and apoptosis in the human pancreatic cancer PANC-1 cell line.

KEYWORDS:

Bax; Bcl-2; caspase-3; cdc2; cyclin B1

PMID:
22619528
PMCID:
PMC3356194
DOI:
10.2147/IJN.S29483
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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