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Genes Chromosomes Cancer. 2012 Sep;51(9):858-67. doi: 10.1002/gcc.21970. Epub 2012 May 23.

Several mechanisms lead to the inactivation of the CDKN2A (P16), P14ARF, or CDKN2B (P15) genes in the GCB and ABC molecular DLBCL subtypes.

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1
INSERM U918, Groupe d'étude des Proliférations Lymphooedes, Institut Fédératif de Recherches Multidisciplinaires sur les Peptides 23 (IFRMP23), Rouen, France.

Abstract

Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) represents the most frequent type of aggressive lymphoma. Deletions of the CDKN2A locus, encoding the proteins CDKN2A (P16), P14ARF, and of the CDKN2B locus, encoding the protein CDKN2B (P15), affect one-third of DLBCL patients. Although other mechanisms that decrease gene expression have been reported, such as promoter methylation, the prognostic value of these mechanisms is still unclear. We studied the deletion and methylation status of these genes in 171 patients and correlated the genomic results with their mRNA expression level and clinical outcome. CDKN2A, P14ARF, and CDKN2B deletions were significantly correlated with decreased mRNA expression (P<0.0001, P<0.0001, and P=0.0148, respectively). P14ARF was methylated in only two patients (1.3%), whereas CDKN2A and CDKN2B were methylated in 36.7 and 31.4% of patients, respectively. Methylation levels greater than 25% were associated with decreased expression of CDKN2A (P=0.0169). CDKN2A and CDKN2B inactivation by deletion or methylation was observed in 42.7 and 37.4% of cases, respectively. Including P14ARF deletions, we identified an inactivating mechanism for at least one of these genes in 47% of patients. Although gene inactivation was not correlated with the international prognostic index, P14ARF and CDKN2B inactivation was significantly associated with shorter survival (P=0.0048 and P=0.0413, respectively), whereas CDKN2A was not (P=0.085). Low mRNA expression levels of these genes were correlated with the ABC phenotype. Furthermore, our results show that an inactivating methylation was more frequent in the GCB phenotype.

PMID:
22619049
DOI:
10.1002/gcc.21970
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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