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Can J Surg. 2012 Aug;55(4):254-8. doi: 10.1503/cjs.038310.

Late conversion of endovascular to open repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms.

Author information

1
Division of Vascular Surgery, London Health Sciences Centre and the University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario. Tom.Forbes@lhsc.on.ca

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Failure of endovascular repair (EVAR) of an abdominal aortic aneurysm can result in significant risk of morbidity and mortality. We review our experience with late conversions to open repair.

METHODS:

We conducted a retrospective database review to identify all EVAR procedures performed between 1997 and 2010 and the number converted to open repair at our university-affiliated medical centre. Late conversion was defined as those occurring at least 30 days after initial EVAR.

RESULTS:

In all, 892 EVARs took place during the study period. Six patients (0.7%) required late conversion to open repair. Their mean age was 71 (range 58-83) years, and half were women. Half of the initial EVARs were for ruptured aneurysms. The median time to conversion was 15.6 (range 1.7-61.3) months. Indications for secondary conversion (50% urgent, 50% elective) included persistent type I endoleak (n = 3), combined type II and III endoleak (n = 1), graft thrombosis (n = 1) and aneurysm rupture (n = 1). Supraceliac clamping was required in most patients (67%), and the mean transfusion requirement was 2.6 units. Total endograft explantation occurred in 2 patients (33%), whereas partial or total endograft preservation occurred in 4 (67%). Median length of stay in hospital after conversion was 7 (range 6-73) days. There were no instances of early or in-hospital mortality following conversion.

CONCLUSION:

Our EVAR experience includes a low rate of late conversion to open repair, with most conversions being a result of persistent aneurysm perfusion. Although technically challenging, late conversion can be safe. Our experience supports ongoing surveillance after EVAR.

PMID:
22617542
PMCID:
PMC3404146
DOI:
10.1503/cjs.038310
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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