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PLoS One. 2012;7(5):e37036. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0037036. Epub 2012 May 15.

Circulating mesenchymal stem cells microparticles in patients with cerebrovascular disease.

Author information

1
Department of Neurology, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea.

Abstract

Preclinical and clinical studies have shown that the application of CD105(+) mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) is feasible and may lead to recovery after stroke. In addition, circulating microparticles are reportedly functional in various disease conditions. We tested the levels of circulating CD105(+) microparticles in patients with acute ischemic stroke. The expression of CD105 (a surface marker of MSCs) and CXCR4 (a CXC chemokine receptor for MSC homing) on circulating microparticles was evaluated by flow cytometry of samples from 111 patients and 50 healthy subjects. The percentage of apoptotic CD105 microparticles was determined based on annexin V (AV) expression. The relationship between serum levels of CD105(+)/AV(-) microparticles, stromal cells derived factor-1α (SDF-1α), and the extensiveness of cerebral infarcts was also evaluated. CD105(+)/AV(-) microparticles were higher in stroke patients than control subjects. Correlation analysis showed that the levels of CD105(+)/AV(-) microparticles increased as the baseline stroke severity increased. Multivariate testing showed that the initial severity of stroke was independently associated with circulating CD105(+)/AV(-) microparticles (OR, 1.103 for 1 point increase in the NIHSS score on admission; 95% CI, 1.032-1.178) after adjusting for other variables. The levels of CD105(+)/CXCR4(+)/AV(-) microparticles were also increased in patients with severe disability (r = 0.192, p = 0.046 for NIHSS score on admission), but were decreased with time after stroke onset (r = -0.204, p = 0.036). Risk factor profiles were not associated with the levels of circulating microparticles or SDF-1α. In conclusion, our data showed that stroke triggers the mobilization of MSC-derived microparticles, especially in patients with extensive ischemic stroke.

PMID:
22615882
PMCID:
PMC3352849
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0037036
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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