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Clin Cancer Res. 2012 Jul 15;18(14):3834-45. doi: 10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-12-0715. Epub 2012 May 21.

Development of an Fc-enhanced anti-B7-H3 monoclonal antibody with potent antitumor activity.

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1
MacroGenics, Inc., South San Francisco, CA, USA.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

The goal of this research was to harness a monoclonal antibody (mAb) discovery platform to identify cell-surface antigens highly expressed on cancer and develop, through Fc optimization, potent mAb therapies toward these tumor-specific antigens.

EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN:

Fifty independent mAbs targeting the cell-surface immunoregulatory B7-H3 protein were obtained through independent intact cell-based immunizations using human tissue progenitor cells, cancer cell lines, or cell lines displaying cancer stem cell properties. Binding studies revealed this natively reactive B7-H3 mAb panel to bind a range of independent B7-H3 epitopes. Immunohistochemical analyses showed that a subset displayed strong reactivity to a broad range of human cancers while exhibiting limited binding to normal human tissues. A B7-H3 mAb displaying exquisite tumor/normal differential binding was selected for humanization and incorporation of an Fc domain modified to enhance effector-mediated antitumor function via increased affinity for the activating receptor CD16A and decreased binding to the inhibitory receptor CD32B.

RESULTS:

MGA271, the resulting engineered anti-B7-H3 mAb, mediates potent antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity against a broad range of tumor cell types. Furthermore, in human CD16A-bearing transgenic mice, MGA271 exhibited potent antitumor activity in B7-H3-expressing xenograft models of renal cell and bladder carcinoma. Toxicology studies carried out in cynomolgus monkeys revealed no significant test article-related safety findings.

CONCLUSIONS:

This data supports evaluation of MGA271 clinical utility in B7-H3-expressing cancer, while validating a combination of a nontarget biased approach of intact cell immunizations and immunohistochemistry to identify novel cancer antigens with Fc-based mAb engineering to enable potent antitumor activity.

PMID:
22615450
DOI:
10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-12-0715
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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