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J Struct Biol. 1990 May;103(3):280-9.

Analysis by in situ hybridization and autoradiography of sites of replication and storage of single- and double-stranded adenovirus type 5 DNA in lytically infected HeLa cells.

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1
Laboratoire de Biologie et Ultrastructure du Noyau de l'UPR272 CNRS, Villejuif, France.

Abstract

The distribution in the different compartments of infected nuclei of double-stranded (ds) and single-stranded (ss) adenovirus type 5 (Ad5) DNA and of the sites of viral DNA replication were examined on thin sections of Low-icryl-embedded material. The DNA is visualized with a biotinylated viral probe and immunogold labeling of biotin, and its replication is monitored by high-resolution autoradiography after short pulses with tritiated thymidine. The first detectable sites of viral DNA, named early replicative sites, contained all the ss and ds viral DNA and viral replicative activity. At a later stage of nuclear transformation, they gave rise to two new structures. The compact fibrillar ssDNA accumulation sites enlarged greatly and became transformed functionally to become a transient site of accumulation of large numbers of ss replicative intermediates. Double-stranded viral DNA and its replicative activity shifted primarily into immediately surrounding fibrillogranular peripheral replicative zones. Ad5 DNA replication continues in the ssDNA accumulation sites but it is intermittent, whereas in the peripheral replicative zones it is continuous. Still later in infection, a single, large, centrally located mass of dense fibrils, the viral genome storage site, developed in each nucleus which proved to be the main site of storage of nonreplicating, nonencapsidated, ds viral genomes. We discuss the possible distribution of the various viral DNA replicative intermediates among these virus-induced intranuclear structures.

PMID:
2261312
DOI:
10.1016/1047-8477(90)90046-f
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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