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J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol. 2012 Oct;23(10):1109-14. doi: 10.1111/j.1540-8167.2012.02363.x. Epub 2012 May 21.

Enhanced transmural dispersion of repolarization in patients with J wave syndromes.

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Department of Cardiology Department of Health Science, Asahikawa Medical University, Asahikawa, Japan.



Recently, great attention has been paid to the risk stratification of asymptomatic patients with an electrocardiographic early repolarization (ER) pattern. We investigated several repolarization parameters including the Tpeak-Tend interval and Tpeak-Tend/QT ratio in healthy individuals and patients with J wave syndrome who were aborted from sudden cardiac death.


Ninety-two subjects were enrolled: 12 patients with ventricular fibrillation associated with J waves, 40 healthy subjects with an uneventful ER pattern and 40 healthy control subjects (C) without any evident J waves. Using ambulatory electrocardiogram recordings, the average QT interval, corrected QT interval (QTc), Tpeak-Tend (Tp-e) interval, which is the interval from the peak to the end of the T wave, and Tp-e/QT ratio were calculated. Using ANOVA and post hoc analysis, there was no significant difference in the average QT and QTc in all 3 groups (QT; 396 ± 27 vs 405 ± 27 vs 403 ± 27 m, QTc; 420 ± 26 vs 421 ± 21 vs 403 ± 19 milliseconds in the C, ER pattern and J groups, respectively). The Tp-e interval and Tp-e/QT ratio were significantly more increased in the J wave group than the ER Pattern group (Tp-e: 86.7 ± 14 milliseconds vs 68 ± 13.2 milliseconds, P < 0.001, Tp-e/QT; 0.209 ± 0.04 vs 0.171 ± 0.03, P < 0.001), but they did not significantly differ between the C and ER pattern groups (Tp-e: 68.6 ± 7.5 vs 68 ± 13.2, P = 0.97, Tp-e/QT 0.174 ± 0.02 vs 0.171 ± 0.03, P = 0.4).


As novel markers of heterogeneity of ventricular repolarization, Tpeak-Tend interval and Tp-Te/QT ratio are significantly increased in patients with J wave syndromes compared to age and sex-matched uneventful ER.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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