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Anal Quant Cytol Histol. 2011 Oct;33(5):283-8.

Combined expression of p161NK4a and p27Kip1, but not p21WAF1, differentiates endocervical from endometrial adenocarcinoma.

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Department of Pathology, Hospital Universiti Sains Malaysia, 16150 Kubang Kerian, Kelantan, Malaysia.



To differentiate endocervical adenocarcinoma (ECA) from endometrial adenocarcinoma (EMA) using p16INK4a, p21WAF1 and p27Kip1.


The distinction between ECA and EMA can be problematic on small biopsies or in advanced tumor stage. Immunohistochemistry was done on paraffin-embedded tissue sections of hysterectomy specimens of all types of ECA and EMA. Protein expression was scored as 0 to 3 depending on percentage of positive tumor cells.


A total of 40 ECA and 92 EMA cases were examined. For ECA, 32 of 40 (80.0%) cases had score of 3 with p16INK4a expressions; 23 of 92 (25.0%) cases of EMA had similar scores. For p21WAF1 expressions, 28 of 40 (70.0%) ECA cases scored 3 and 72 of 82 (78.2%) of EMA had a similar score. p27Kip1 scored 3 in 17 of 40 (42.5%) ECA cases; only 14 of 92 (15.2%) cases of EMA cases had such a score. We observed significant higher expressions of p16INK4a (p < 0.001) and p27Kip1 (p = 0.001) in ECA than in EMA. Combined positive expression and combined negative expression of p16INK4a and p27Kip1 strongly differentiates ECA from EMA (< 0.0001).


ECA could be strongly differentiated from EMA based on the expressions of combined p16INK4a and p27Kip1.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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