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J Mol Cell Biol. 2012 Aug;4(4):221-30. doi: 10.1093/jmcb/mjs025. Epub 2012 May 19.

Age- and diet-dependent requirement of DJ-1 for glucose homeostasis in mice with implications for human type 2 diabetes.

Author information

1
Institute of Metabolic Physiology, Heinrich-Heine University, D-40225 D├╝sseldorf, Germany.

Abstract

Elderly patients often suffer from multiple age-related diseases. Here we show that the expression of DJ-1, an antioxidant protein with reduced expression in the central nervous system of patients with Parkinson's disease, is reduced in pancreatic islets of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). In contrast, under non-diabetic conditions, DJ-1 expression increases in mouse and human islets during aging. In mouse islets, we show that DJ-1 prevents an increase in reactive oxygen species levels as the mice age. This antioxidant function preserves mitochondrial integrity and physiology, prerequisites for glucose-stimulated insulin secretion. Accordingly, DJ-1-deficient mice develop glucose intolerance and reduced ╬▓ cell area as they age or gain weight. Our data suggest that DJ-1 is more generally involved in age- and lifestyle-related human diseases and show for the first time that DJ-1 plays a key role in glucose homeostasis and might serve as a novel drug target for T2DM.

PMID:
22611253
DOI:
10.1093/jmcb/mjs025
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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