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Atherosclerosis. 1979 Jul;33(3):315-27.

Effects of dipyridamole in experimental atherosclerosis. Action on PGI2, platelet aggregation and atherosclerotic plaque formation.


Experimental atherosclerosis in rabbits induced by feeding a standard atherogenic diet for 4 months resulted in an increased sensitivity of platelets to the proaggregatory action of collagen and ADP. Treatment with dipyridamole (3 x 10 mg/day i.m.) for 4 weeks normalized platelet loss in atherosclerotic rabbits and abolished the increased sensitivity to proaggregatory collagen, but not to ADP. Dipyridamole treatment lowered basal as well as PGI2-induced cAMP levels below values seen in platelets from normal rabbits, but the stimulation by PGI2 relative to basal cAMP levels was not affected or even increased by dipyridamole treatment. Dipyridamole did not affect the increased sensitivity of platelets from atherosclerotic rabbits to the antiaggregatory action of PGI2, indicating that dipyridamole decreased absolute cAMP levels, probably due to reduction of the adenine nucleotide pool in platelets without affecting the adenylate cyclase function. Dipyridamole enhanced atherosclerotic plaque formation in arterial walls. Basal as well as PGI2-stimulated cAMP content was lower in homogenates from atherosclerotic than from normal aortic tissue. Dipyridamole-treated animals showed a further decrease in basal as well as PGI2-stimulated cAMP content of the aortic tissue, suggesting that this decrease in cAMP content may be linked to the enhanced proliferative activity seen in artherosclerotic plaque formation.

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