Send to

Choose Destination
Free Radic Biol Med. 2012 Jul 15;53(2):208-15. doi: 10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2012.05.014. Epub 2012 May 17.

Cardioprotection from oxidative stress in the newborn heart by activation of PPARγ is mediated by catalase.

Author information

Emory-Children's Center for Cardiovascular Biology, Department of Pediatrics, Emory University School of Medicine and Children's Healthcare of Atlanta, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA.


Regulation of catalase (CAT) by peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ (PPARγ) was investigated to determine if PPARγ activation provides cardioprotection from oxidative stress caused by hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) in an age-dependent manner. Left ventricular developed pressure (LVDP) was measured in Langendorff perfused newborn or adult rabbit hearts, exposed to 200μM H(2)O(2), with perfusion of rosiglitazone (RGZ) or pioglitazone (PGZ), PPARγ agonists. We found: (1) H(2)O(2) significantly decreased sarcomere shortening in newborn ventricular cells but not in adult cells. Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) release occurred earlier in newborn than in adult heart, which may be due, in part, to the lower expression of CAT in newborn heart. (2) RGZ increased CAT mRNA and protein as well as activity in newborn but not in adult heart. GW9662 (PPARγ blocker) eliminated the increased CAT mRNA by RGZ. (3) In newborn heart, RGZ and PGZ treatment inhibited release of LDH in response to H(2)O(2) compared to H(2)O(2) alone. GW9662 decreased this inhibition. (4) LVDP was significantly higher in both RGZ+H(2)O(2) and PGZ+H(2)O(2) groups than in the H(2)O(2) group. Block of PPARγ abolished this effect. In contrast, there was no effect of RGZ in adult. (5) The cardioprotective effects of RGZ were abolished by inhibition of CAT. In conclusion, PPARγ activation is cardioprotective to H(2)O(2)-induced stress in the newborn heart by upregulation of catalase. These data suggest that PPARγ activation may be an effective therapy for the young cardiac patient.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center