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Am J Hum Genet. 2012 Jun 8;90(6):1094-101. doi: 10.1016/j.ajhg.2012.04.014. Epub 2012 May 17.

Cantú syndrome is caused by mutations in ABCC9.

Author information

1
Department of Human Genetics, Nijmegen Centre for Molecular Life Sciences, The Netherlands.

Abstract

Cantú syndrome is a rare disorder characterized by congenital hypertrichosis, neonatal macrosomia, a distinct osteochondrodysplasia, and cardiomegaly. Using an exome-sequencing approach applied to one proband-parent trio and three unrelated single cases, we identified heterozygous mutations in ABCC9 in all probands. With the inclusion of the remaining cohort of ten individuals with Cantú syndrome, a total of eleven mutations in ABCC9 were found. The de novo occurrence in all six simplex cases in our cohort substantiates the presence of a dominant disease mechanism. All mutations were missense, and several mutations affect Arg1154. This mutation hot spot lies within the second type 1 transmembrane region of this ATP-binding cassette transporter protein, which may suggest an activating mutation. ABCC9 encodes the sulfonylurea receptor (SUR) that forms ATP-sensitive potassium channels (K(ATP) channels) originally shown in cardiac, skeletal, and smooth muscle. Previously, loss-of-function mutations in this gene have been associated with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy type 10 (CMD10). These findings identify the genetic basis of Cantú syndrome and suggest that this is a new member of the potassium channelopathies.

PMID:
22608503
PMCID:
PMC3370286
DOI:
10.1016/j.ajhg.2012.04.014
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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