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Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis. 2013 Jul;23(7):619-27. doi: 10.1016/j.numecd.2012.02.001. Epub 2012 May 16.

Oxidised LDL/LDL-cholesterol ratio and coronary artery calcification in haemodialysis patients.

Author information

1
Department of Medicine, Kidney Center, Tokyo Women's Medical University, 8-1, Kawada-chou, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 162-8666, Japan. yukari-asamiya@citrus.ocn.ne.jp

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND AIMS:

Serum malondialdehyde-modified low-density lipoprotein (MDA-LDL) and MDA-LDL/LDL-cholesterol (LDL-c) ratio are risk factors for arteriosclerosis and cardiovascular disease (CVD). However, no information is available on these parameters or their associations with coronary artery calcification (CAC) in haemodialysis (HD) patients.

METHODS AND RESULTS:

Fifty-seven HD patients and 26 control subjects were included in this cross-sectional study. Serum MDA-LDL concentrations and MDA-LDL/LDL-c ratios were examined. HD patients had significantly higher MDA-LDL/LDL-c ratios than the controls (105.1 ± 27.5 vs. 81.4 ± 18.9 mU/mg, P < 0.001); however, there was no significant difference in serum MDA-LDL levels between the 2 groups. CAC scores were examined only in HD patients and their possible associations with the clinical/laboratory data were analysed. Analysis of HD patients showed that MDA-LDL/LDL-c ratio has an association with presence of CVD, CAC score, HD duration, MDA-LDL, or haemoglobin A1C. In addition, the CAC score was positively correlated with serum MDA-LDL level (P = 0.048) and MDA-LDL/LDL-c ratio (P = 0.006). Furthermore, multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that MDA-LDL/LDL-c ratio (β = 0.04, P = 0.003) and HD duration (β = 0.16, P = 0.007) were independently associated with CAC score.

CONCLUSION:

The MDA-LDL/LDL-c ratio of HD patients was significantly higher than that of non-HD subjects and was independently associated with the CAC score. Therefore, this ratio could be an important risk factor for CAC in HD patients.

PMID:
22608251
DOI:
10.1016/j.numecd.2012.02.001
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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