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Brain Res. 2012 Jun 21;1461:87-95. doi: 10.1016/j.brainres.2012.04.033. Epub 2012 Apr 24.

The conditioned medium of murine and human adipose-derived stem cells exerts neuroprotective effects against experimental stroke model.

Author information

1
Molecular Pharmacology, Department of Biofunctional Evaluation, Gifu Pharmaceutical University, 1-25-4 Daigaku-nishi, Gifu 501-1196, Japan.

Abstract

This study investigated the possible ameliorative effects of adipose-derived stem cells-conditioned medium (ASC-CM) on experimental ischemic stroke. In vivo ischemic stroke was induced in mice after 2h of middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) followed by 22 h reperfusion. Culture of SH-SY5Y human neuroblastoma cells with 100 μM glutamate for 24h was used as an in vitro neuronal apoptosis model. Intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) administration of 30- and 100-fold concentrated murine ASC-CM 1h prior to MCAO resulted in a dose-dependent reduction in the infarct volume and the brain swelling. The administration of murine ASC-CM immediately after MCAO was also effective, but administration 2h after MCAO was not. Neuroprotective effects of murine ASC-CM were also confirmed in an in vitro model. Pretreatment with 100-fold concentrated murine ASC-CM at 10% of the total culture volume significantly reduced glutamate-induced excitotoxicity in the SH-SY5Y cells. Similar reduction in the MCAO-induced infarction volume was seen following i.c.v. administration of 100-fold concentrated human ASC-CM or murine ASC-CM. In conclusion, ASC-CM appears to exert ameliorative effects on experimental ischemic stroke i\n both in vivo and in vitro models. These findings suggest the feasibility of ASC-CM administration as a therapy for acute stage stroke.

PMID:
22608076
DOI:
10.1016/j.brainres.2012.04.033
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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