Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Cell Metab. 2012 Jun 6;15(6):885-94. doi: 10.1016/j.cmet.2012.04.018. Epub 2012 May 17.

Adenosine signaling promotes regeneration of pancreatic β cells in vivo.

Author information

1
Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Program in Developmental and Stem Cell Biology and Program in Genetics and Human Genetics, Diabetes Center, Institute for Regeneration Medicine and Liver Center, University of California, San Francisco, 1550 4th Street, San Francisco, CA 94158, USA. olov.andersson@ki.se

Abstract

Diabetes can be controlled with insulin injections, but a curative approach that restores the number of insulin-producing β cells is still needed. Using a zebrafish model of diabetes, we screened ~7,000 small molecules to identify enhancers of β cell regeneration. The compounds we identified converge on the adenosine signaling pathway and include exogenous agonists and compounds that inhibit degradation of endogenously produced adenosine. The most potent enhancer of β cell regeneration was the adenosine agonist 5'-N-ethylcarboxamidoadenosine (NECA), which, acting through the adenosine receptor A2aa, increased β cell proliferation and accelerated restoration of normoglycemia in zebrafish. Despite markedly stimulating β cell proliferation during regeneration, NECA had only a modest effect during development. The proliferative and glucose-lowering effect of NECA was confirmed in diabetic mice, suggesting an evolutionarily conserved role for adenosine in β cell regeneration. With this whole-organism screen, we identified components of the adenosine pathway that could be therapeutically targeted for the treatment of diabetes.

PMID:
22608007
PMCID:
PMC3372708
DOI:
10.1016/j.cmet.2012.04.018
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center