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Singapore Med J. 1990 Oct;31(5):472-3.

Refractive errors in Singapore medical students.

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Department of Ophthalmology, National University Hospital, Singapore.


The refraction of 128 third-year medical students aged 20-22 was studied using a Topcon autorefractometer. The population was predominantly Chinese and comprised 44% females and 56% males. The mean refractive error was -3.75 D for males and -4.76D for females. In all, 82% of the students were myopic, 72% were found to have astigmatism. This study confirms clinical impressions that Singapore students have one of the highest prevalence rates of myopia and astigmatism in the world.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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