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Cytokine Growth Factor Rev. 2012 Jun;23(3):85-97. doi: 10.1016/j.cytogfr.2012.04.001. Epub 2012 May 15.

Plasticity and cross-talk of interleukin 6-type cytokines.

Author information

1
Institute of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology II, Medical Faculty, Heinrich-Heine University, Düsseldorf, Germany.

Abstract

Interleukin (IL)-6-type cytokines are critically involved in health and disease. The duration and strength of IL-6-type cytokine-mediated signaling is tightly regulated to avoid overshooting activities. Here, molecular mechanisms of inter-familiar cytokine cross-talk are reviewed which regulate dynamics and strength of IL-6 signal transduction. Both plasticity and cytokine cross-talk are significantly involved in pro- and anti-inflammatory/regenerative properties of IL-6-type cytokines. Furthermore, we focus on IL-6-type cytokine/cytokine receptor plasticity and cross-talk exemplified by the recently identified composite cytokines IL-30/IL-6R and IL-35, the first inter-familiar IL-6/IL-12 family member. The complete understanding of the intra- and extracellular cytokine networks will aid to develop novel tailor-made therapeutic strategies with reduced side effects.

PMID:
22595692
DOI:
10.1016/j.cytogfr.2012.04.001
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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