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J Urol. 2012 Jul;188(1):174-8. doi: 10.1016/j.juro.2012.02.2567. Epub 2012 May 15.

Outcomes of endoscopic realignment of pelvic fracture associated urethral injuries at a level 1 trauma center.

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1
Department of Urology, Harborview Medical Center, University of Washington Medical Center, Seattle, Washington 98104, USA.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

We examined the success of early endoscopic realignment of pelvic fracture associated urethral injury after blunt pelvic trauma.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

A retrospective review was performed of patients with pelvic fracture associated urethral injury who underwent early endoscopic realignment using a retrograde or retrograde/antegrade approach from 2004 to 2010 at a Level 1 trauma center. Followup consisted of uroflowmetry, post-void residual and cystoscopic evaluation. Failure of early endoscopic realignment was defined as patients requiring urethral dilation, direct vision internal urethrotomy, posterior urethroplasty or self-catheterization after initial urethral catheter removal.

RESULTS:

A total of 19 consecutive patients (mean age 38 years) with blunt pelvic fracture associated urethral injury underwent early endoscopic realignment. Twelve cases of complete urethral disruption, 4 of incomplete disruption and 3 of indeterminate status were noted. Mean time to realignment was 2 days and mean duration of urethral catheterization after realignment was 53 days. One patient was lost to followup after early endoscopic realignment. Using an intent to treat analysis early endoscopic realignment failed in 15 of 19 patients (78.9%). Mean time to early endoscopic realignment failure after catheter removal was 79 days. The cases of early endoscopic realignment failure were managed with posterior urethroplasty (8), direct vision internal urethrotomy (3) and direct vision internal urethrotomy followed by posterior urethroplasty (3). Mean followup for the 4 patients considered to have undergone successful early endoscopic realignment was 2.1 years.

CONCLUSIONS:

Early endoscopic realignment after blunt pelvic fracture associated urethral injury results in high rates of symptomatic urethral stricture requiring further operative treatment. Close followup after initial catheter removal is warranted, as the mean time to failure after early endoscopic realignment was 79 days in our cohort.

PMID:
22591965
PMCID:
PMC3444143
DOI:
10.1016/j.juro.2012.02.2567
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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