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Am J Surg Pathol. 2012 Jun;36(6):935-40. doi: 10.1097/PAS.0b013e31824babc2.

Duodenal gastrinoma with multiple gastric neuroendocrine tumors secondary to chronic Helicobacter pylori gastritis.

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Departments of Laboratory Medicine and Pathobiology, St Michael's Hospital, Toronto, ON, Canada.


Helicobacter pylori (HP) has been associated with neuroendocrine tumors of the stomach and duodenum. Gastric enterochromaffin-like (ECL) cell tumors and duodenal gastrinomas have also been associated with HP gastritis in separate series but have not been reported together. With other possible causes excluded, we present a patient with HP-associated atrophy of the oxyntic mucosa that ultimately resulted in stimulation and reactive hyperplasia of gastrin-producing cells in both the antrum and proximal duodenum, the latter progressing to formation of a gastrin-producing cell nodule (gastrinoma). Both of these sources of gastrin resulted in ECL hyperplasia in the atrophied oxyntic mucosa with progression to microcarcinoids and well-differentiated neuroendocrine tumors, along with hypertrophy of residual proximal gastric parietal cells. As atrophy tends to spread from the antrum proximally, residual oxyntic mucosa was still infected with HP and offers 1 explanation for the apparent paradox of atrophic gastritis with ECL hyperplasia and neoplasia in the distal oxyntic mucosa, with proximal oxyntic mucosa showing mild hypertrophic changes in a background of typical HP gastritis.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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