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Diabetes Obes Metab. 2012 Nov;14(11):1047-9. doi: 10.1111/j.1463-1326.2012.01625.x. Epub 2012 Jun 4.

Short-term glucose variability in healthy volunteers is not associated with raised oxidative stress markers.


It is unknown whether glycaemic variability adds to the risk of microvascular complications of diabetes over and above the mean glucose value for a patient. We examined the effect of purposefully induced short-term glycaemic variability on oxidative stress markers. Eleven healthy subjects underwent three sequential glycaemic states; sustained hyperglycaemia, sustained euglycaemia and variable glycaemia, using glycaemic clamps for 3 h. Twenty-four hours urinary 8-isoprostane-PGF2α was measured before and after each glycaemic state to assess oxidative stress. The median and interquartile range of the urinary 8-iso-PGF2α in ng/24 h were (1373, 513), (996, 298) and (1227, 472) for the euglycaemic, hyperglycaemic and variable states, respectively. There was no significant difference in urinary isoprostanes between the three different states; mean ranks 20.9, 11.9 and 18.2 for the euglycaemic state, hyperglycaemic state and glycaemic variability state, respectively, p = 0.083. In conclusion, we did not see a significant increase in the urinary isoprostanes when glycaemic variability was induced under controlled conditions in healthy individuals.

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