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Front Immunol. 2012 May 8;3:104. doi: 10.3389/fimmu.2012.00104. eCollection 2012.

Roles for ca(2+) mobilization and its regulation in mast cell functions.

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1
Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, Cornell University Ithaca, NY, USA.

Abstract

Mobilization of Ca(2+) in response to IgE receptor-mediated signaling is a key process in many aspects of mast cell function. Here we summarize our current understanding of the molecular bases for this process and the roles that it plays in physiologically relevant mast cell biology. Activation of IgE receptor signaling by antigen that crosslinks these complexes initiates Ca(2+) mobilization as a fast wave that is frequently followed by a series of Ca(2+) oscillations which are dependent on Ca(2+) influx-mediated by coupling of the endoplasmic reticulum luminal Ca(2+) sensor STIM1 to the calcium release activated calcium channel protein Orai1. Granule exocytosis depends on this process, together with the activation of protein kinase C isoforms, and specific roles for these signaling steps are beginning to be understood. Ca(2+) mobilization also plays important roles in stimulated exocytosis of recycling endosomes and newly synthesized cytokines, as well as in antigen-mediated chemotaxis of rat mucosal mast cells. Phosphoinositide metabolism plays key roles in all of these processes, and we highlight these roles in several cases.

KEYWORDS:

IgE receptors (FcεRI); chemotaxis; phosphoinositides; secretory lysosomes; store-operated Ca2+ entry

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