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J Immunol. 2012 Jun 15;188(12):5833-7. doi: 10.4049/jimmunol.1200038. Epub 2012 May 14.

Cutting edge: Divergent cell-specific functions of MyD88 for inflammatory responses and organ injury in septic peritonitis.

Author information

1
Chirurgische Klinik und Poliklinik, Technische Universität München, 81675 Munich, Germany.

Abstract

Although global MyD88 deficiency attenuates lethal inflammation in sepsis, cell-specific functions of MyD88 remain largely unknown. Using mice with selective expression of MyD88 in myeloid cells (Myd88(MYEL)), we show that, during polymicrobial septic peritonitis, both myeloid and nonmyeloid cells contribute to systemic inflammation, whereas myeloid cell MyD88 was sufficient to fully establish the peritoneal cytokine response. Importantly, Myd88(MYEL) mice developed markedly aggravated liver injury that was linked to impaired upregulation of cellular inhibitor of apoptosis protein 2 and an excessive production of TNF-α. Upregulation of inducible cAMP early repressor (ICER), a known transcriptional repressor of the Tnfa gene, was impaired in Myd88(MYEL) mice. Moreover, Myd88(MYEL) mice showed enhanced transcription of the Tnfa gene and an excessive production of CCL3, which is also negatively regulated by ICER, but they had normal levels of CXCL1, which is expressed in an ICER-independent manner. Together, these findings suggest a novel protective role for nonmyeloid cell MyD88 in attenuating liver injury during septic peritonitis.

PMID:
22586041
DOI:
10.4049/jimmunol.1200038
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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