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Adv Nutr. 2012 May 1;3(3):483S-8S. doi: 10.3945/an.111.001651.

The role of milk sialyllactose in intestinal bacterial colonization.

Author information

1
Institute of Physiology and Zurich Center for Integrative Human Physiology, University of Zurich, Switzerland.

Abstract

Milk oligosaccharides influence the composition of intestinal microbiota and thereby mucosal inflammation. Some of the major milk oligosaccharides are α2,3-sialyllactose (3SL) and α2,6-sialyllactose, which are mainly produced by the sialyltransferases ST3GAL4 and ST6GAL1, respectively. Recently, we showed that mice fed milk deficient in 3SL were more resistant to dextran sulfate sodium-induced colitis. By contrast, the exposure to milk containing or deficient in 3SL had no impact on the development of mucosal leukocyte populations. Milk 3SL mainly affected the colonization of the intestine by clostridial cluster IV bacteria.

PMID:
22585928
PMCID:
PMC3649486
DOI:
10.3945/an.111.001651
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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