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J Med Virol. 2012 Jul;84(7):1120-7. doi: 10.1002/jmv.23307.

Human T-lymphotropic virus type I (HTLV-I)-specific CD8+ cells accumulate in the lungs of patients infected with HTLV-I with pulmonary involvement.

Author information

1
Department of Respiratory Medicine, Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Kagoshima University, Kagoshima, Japan.

Abstract

Pulmonary involvement has been identified in human T-lymphotropic virus type I (HTLV-I) carriers and patients with HTLV-I-associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis (HAM/TSP). However, the relationship between HTLV-I infection and lung disease is poorly understood. The occurrence of HTLV-I-specific immune responses in the lungs of patients infected with HTLV-I with pulmonary involvement was investigated. The frequency of HTLV-I-specific CD8+ cells and the amount of HTLV-I proviral DNA were determined in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid cells and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from five patients with HAM/TSP and one HTLV-I carrier who had pulmonary involvement. HTLV-I-specific CD8+ cells were detected by flow cytometry using human leukocyte antigen/antigen complex multimers. The analysis of bronchoalveolar lavage fluid revealed lymphocytosis in five of six patients. HTLV-I provirus was detected in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid cells of all patients, and the proviral load in these cells was comparable to that in PBMCs. The frequency of HTLV-I-specific CD8+ cells in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid cells was 5.1 times higher than that in PBMCs. Immunohistochemically, clusters formed by HTLV-I-specific CD8+ cells were detected in lung tissue by in situ tetramer staining. No samples were available from patients infected with HTLV-I without lung disorders. Whether accumulation of CD8+ cells is specific to patients with pulmonary involvement remains unclear. These results indicate that HTLV-I-specific CD8+ cells accumulate and HTLV-I-infected cells exist in the lungs of patients infected with HTLV-I with pulmonary involvement.

PMID:
22585731
DOI:
10.1002/jmv.23307
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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