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Clin Rehabil. 2012 Nov;26(11):990-8. doi: 10.1177/0269215512442661. Epub 2012 May 14.

Effects of sling and voluntary constraint during constraint-induced movement therapy for the arm after stroke: a randomized, prospective, single-centre, blinded observer rated study.

Author information

1
1IInd Department of Neurology, Institute of Psychiatry and Neurology, Warsaw, Poland.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To determine whether a combination of constraint-induced movement therapy and physiotherapy in stroke patients using different constraint regimens (sling versus voluntary constraint) changes or reduces motor deficits, the amount of functional use of the arm and whether the effects of treatment continue after 12 months.

DESIGN:

Forty-seven stroke patients were stratified and randomly divided into intensive physiotherapy programmes focused on regaining arm functions.

SETTING:

Neurorehabilitation Unit of IInd Department of Neurology at Institute of Psychiatry and Neurology in Warsaw.

SUBJECT:

Patients were randomly allocated to: the sling-constraint group (n = 24) or to the voluntary-constraint group (n = 23).

INTERVENTIONS:

Massed practice with the paretic arm (5 hours/day for 15 consecutive working days). Sling-constraint group had their arm immobilized in a hemi-sling during therapy. In addition, individual, 1-hour physiotherapy sessions were conducted in both groups.

MAIN MEASURES:

Rivermead Motor Assessment (RMA) Arm scale, (0-15), Motor Activity Log - Quality of Movement (MAL-QOM) (0-5 for 30 daily tasks).

RESULTS:

There was no significant difference between groups after therapy (MAL-QOM mean change for sling group 0.78, SD = 0.46 and for voluntary-constraint group 0.84, SD = 0.48; P = 0.687). All treated patients retained mean gains in real-world arm use (MAL-QOM) mean scores after 12 months follow-up compared with posttreatment values but there was no significant difference between groups (comparison of estimated mean change of MAL-QOM stated 0.23. 95% confidence interval = -0.04-0.50).

CONCLUSION:

Voluntary activity constraint in the intact arm is equivalent to sling, standard constraint during massed practice of paretic arm.

PMID:
22584730
DOI:
10.1177/0269215512442661
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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