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Int J Circumpolar Health. 2012 May 4;71(0):1-7. doi: 10.3402/ijch.v71i0.18419.

Association between socioeconomic status and overweight and obesity among Inuit adults: International Polar Year Inuit Health Survey, 2007-2008.

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1
School of Dietetics and Human Nutrition and Centre for Indigenous Peoples' Nutrition and Environment (CINE), McGill University, St. Anne de Bellevue, Quebec, Canada.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To evaluate the socio-economic correlates of overweight and obesity among Inuit undergoing rapid cultural changes.

STUDY DESIGN:

A cross-sectional health survey of 2,592 Inuit adults from 36 communities in the Canadian Arctic.

METHODS:

Main outcome measures were overweight and obesity (BMI>25 kg/m2 and >30 kg/m2, respectively) and as characteristics were similar, groups were combined into an at-risk BMI category (BMI>25 kg/m2). Logistic regression was used to determine the association between various sociodemographic characteristics and physical activity with overweight and obesity.

RESULTS:

The prevalence of overweight and obesity was 28 and 36%, respectively, with a total prevalence of overweight and obesity of 64%. In analyses of sociodemographic variables adjusted for age, gender and region, higher education, any employment, personal income, and private housing were all significantly positively correlated with an at-risk BMI (p≤0.001). Smoking, Inuit language as primary language spoken at home, and walking were inversely associated with overweight and obesity.

CONCLUSIONS:

The current findings highlight the social disparities in overweight and obesity prevalence in an ethnically distinct population undergoing rapid cultural changes.

PMID:
22584513
PMCID:
PMC3417717
DOI:
10.3402/ijch.v71i0.18419
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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