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Rev Epidemiol Sante Publique. 2012 Jun;60(3):205-11. doi: 10.1016/j.respe.2012.02.002. Epub 2012 May 12.

[Evolution of cardiovascular diseases' admissions in cardiology departments of Lomé hospitals: a cross-sectional study on 7959 patients from June 2004 to May 2009].

[Article in French]

Author information

1
Service de cardiologie, centre hospitalier universitaire, campus Lomé, 03 BP, 30284 Lomé, Togo. kthierry2@yahoo.fr

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

To determine the frequency of cardiovascular diseases, their risk factors as well as their evolution in two cardiology departments of Lomé.

METHODS:

This cross-sectional study was carried out among patients attending two cardiology departments of Lomé, from June 2004 to May 2009, who had a diagnosis of cardiovascular disease.

RESULTS:

A total of 7959 patients were included. Female gender predominated. The mean age was of 49.5 ± 17.2 years. The number of admissions increased from 958 in 2004 to 2399 in 2009. Arterial hypertension (62.7%) and ischemic heart diseases (10.6%) were the most frequent diagnoses. Among patients with a diagnosis of heart failure, the etiology was not recorded for 12.2%. Overweight and dyslipidemia were significantly more frequent in women (P<0.001), while smoking and physical inactivity were significantly more frequent in men (P<0.001). During the period, there was a moderate rise of the prevalence of overweight, dyslipidemia, and physical inactivity, whereas the prevalence of diabetes and smoking remained almost unchanged.

CONCLUSION:

Admissions for cardiovascular diseases increased from 2004 to 2009. This epidemiological transition may be related to poor awareness of cardiovascular disease among the low-income population and the financial burden of health care.

PMID:
22579490
DOI:
10.1016/j.respe.2012.02.002
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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