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Clin Exp Hypertens A. 1990;12(7):1135-57.

Re-evaluation of the plasma renin-angiotensin system in anephric patients.

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Department of Biochemistry, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN 37232.


In view of recent observations that a number of extrarenal tissues have the potential to produce angiotensin II and release it in a regulated fashion, we made measurements of immunoreactive angiotensin I (irAng I) and angiotensin II (irAng II), along with active and inactive renin, and angiotensinogen in plasma of seven anephric patients and of 16 normal healthy volunteers to gain insight into possible sources of plasma Ang II. High performance liquid chromatography clearly demonstrated that the predominant component of irAng II in anephric plasma is the biologically active octapeptide Ang II. Plasma renin activity (PRA), and active and inactive renin all were detected in all of the anephrics but their levels were decreased to 33% for PRA, 12% for active renin, and 18% for inactive renin when compared with those in healthy subjects. While plasma angiotensinogen was significantly but only slightly increased in anephric patients (+28% over the mean value for normal subjects), irAng I and irAng II both were present in quantities almost comparable with those in normals. These results suggest that local angiotensin production contributes, in part at least, to the circulating plasma Ang II. Vascular tissue seems to be the best candidate responsible for such a mechanism, on the basis of recent demonstrations of unequivocal, regulated release of Ang II from diverse vascular beds.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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